AI Update - 01 December 2016

Download associated attachments - Update4 HPAI in Europe 01 December 2016


From: []
Sent: 01 December 2016 17:49
To: Undisclosed recipients:
Subject: Highly Pathogenic Avian influenza (H5N8) in Europe - updated outbreak assessment

Dear colleague

Please find attached the latest outbreak assessment on the H5N8 HPAI situation in Europe.  The document is also available at

• Infections in wild, captive or domestic birds have now been reported in 14 European Countries, the Middle East and North Africa.
• The range of wild birds affected is striking and mortality / morbidity in domestic poultry is variable, but has been noted in not just chickens and turkeys, but also geese and ducks.
• Use the Defra helpline (Tel: 03459 33 55 77) to report any wild bird die-offs in GB. In particular, where more than five birds of any species are found dead but also where a single wild duck, wild goose, swan or gull is found. Not all birds may be picked up for testing but we will monitor where the cases are found to triage the testing so it is important that we gather this information.
• We would also encourage poultry farmers to check their sites for any dead wild birds around the area, report them and ensure there is no contact with their poultry.
• The risk level remains at ‘medium’ for an incursion in wild birds and ‘low yet heightened’ for exposure to domestic poultry.
All bird keepers are strongly advised to review their biosecurity.  Avian influenza can be spread from bird to bird or by direct or indirect contact through contaminated body fluids and faeces.  The virus can remain in the environment in cold conditions (about 4 degrees C) for up to 50 days. There are a number of steps that should be in place to help prevent an incursion:
• Look to control access to food and water - cover feed and food stores and minimising other opportunities for direct and indirect contact with wild birds; 
• Implement rodent controls on farms
• Small steps like filling in puddles and keeping birds away from areas affected by temporary flooding could help deter wild birds’ interest in the farms.
• Thorough cleansing and disinfection of clothing, equipment and vehicles before and after their use;
• Thorough cleansing and disinfection of housing at the end of each production cycle;
• Limit the number of visitors on to your premises and for those that do, ensure that they understand and adhere to your biosecurity requirements, these should be reviewed and updated regularly;
• Having disinfectant available at your farm entrances for those entering and leaving to use
• look out for signs of avian influenza and immediately report any suspicions to their local Animal and Plant Health Agency.
• Subscribe to the APHA Alerts Service:

Further biosecurity guidance can be found at:

Kind regards

Alastair Douglas

Alastair Douglas, Exotic Diseases branch, Animal Health and Welfare Division (P Spur)
Directorate for Agriculture Food and Rural Communities, Scottish Government
Saughton House, Broomhouse Drive, Edinburgh, EH11 3XD
Tel +44(0)300 244 9803 Fax +44(0)300 244 9797